PURITANISM OF ISLAM IN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL (PESANTREN) (Models of Religious Understanding in Puritan Pesantren in East Java)

M. Arfan Mu'ammar

Abstract


Religious purification in Indonesia is often considered as radical movement of Islam, the straitlaced and extreme one. This research aimed to explore religious understanding of the puritans. Six of pesantren were selected as those are considered as the proper representative of those puritan pesantren. Qualitative descriptive method was employed to analyze the data. The result showed that those six pesantren are varied in the quality of how puritan they are. Those pesantren can be grouped into three groups, radical, accomodationists, and moderinists. The grouping is based on how they deal with the concert issues occurring in the society. The radicals tend to strait-lacedly deal those issues. The accomodationists are more flexible than the radicals as they prohibit some issues under certain condition and purpose. On the contrary, the modernists are more lenient with the tajdid issues.   

Religious purification in Indonesia is often considered as radical movement of Islam, the straitlaced and extreme one. This research aimed to explore religious understanding of the puritans. Six of pesantren were selected as those are considered as the proper representative of those puritan pesantren. Qualitative descriptive method was employed to analyze the data. The result showed that those six pesantren are varied in the quality of how puritan they are. Those pesantren can be grouped into three groups, radical, accomodationists, and moderinists. The grouping is based on how they deal with the concert issues occurring in the society. The radicals tend to strait-lacedly deal those issues. The accomodationists are more flexible than the radicals as they prohibit some issues under certain condition and purpose. On the contrary, the modernists are more lenient with the tajdid issues.    


Keywords


Scriptualism, Acomodationism and Puritanism

References


Book

Al-Manawi, al-Fayd al-Qadir, Juz 1. Cairo : Matba’ah Tijariyyah Kubra.

Federspiel, Howard M, Persatuan Islam: Islamic Reform in Twentieth Century Indonesia, Ithaca, New York : Modern Indonesia Project Southeast Asia Program Cornell University, 1970.

Federspiel, Howard M, Persatuan Islam: Islamic Reform in Twentieth Century Indonesia, Ithaca, New York : Modern Indonesia Project Southest Asia Program Cornell University, 1970.

Ibrahim, Anwar, et. al (ed): Reading On Islam in Southest Asia. diterjemahkan A Abadi, Setiawan, Islam di Asia Tenggara, Prespektif Sejarah. Jakarta : LP3E5.

Jainuri, Achamd, Landasan Teologis Gerakan Pembaruan Islam, Jurnal Ulumul Qur’an, No.03 Vol. VI, 1995.

Jainuri, Achmad, Tradisi Tajdῑd dalam Sejarah Islam (bagian kedua), dalam Suara Muhammadiyah, No. 06/80/1995, 25.

Jayadi, Mahsun, Fundamentalisme Muhammadiyah, Surabaya : PNNM, 2010.

Komisi Tajdiedut Ta’lim ke-2 Persatuan Islam, Pedoman Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan Pesantren Persatuan Islam, Bandung : Pusat Pimpinan Persatuan Islam, 1984.

M, Hilmi, Pergulatan Komunitas Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia di Kediri Jawa Timur, Jakarta : Universitas Indonesia, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Departemen Antropologi Program Studi Pascasarjana “Ringkasan disertasi”, 2012.

Nasution, Harun, Pembaruan, 14. Zulbadri Idris, Pembaruan Islam Sebelum Periode Modern, dalam Jurnal Media Akademika, No. 29, XIV/1998, 56.

P.M Holt. ANN K.S Lambton, Bernard Lewis (ed), The Cambridge History of Islam, Vol. 2B, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.

Padmo, Soegijanto, Gerakan Pembaharuan Islam Indonesia dari Masa ke Masa : Sebuah Pengantar, Jurnal Humaniora, Vo. 19, No. 2 Juni 2007.

Pimpinan Pusat Persatuan Islam, Tafsir Qanun Asasi dan Dakhili Persatuan Islam, Bandung : Pusat Pimpinan Persis, 1984.

Poerbakawatja, Soegarda, Pendidikan dalam Alam Indonesia Merdeka, Jakarta : Gunung Agung, 1970.

Prosedding International Research Confrence on Muhammadiyah (IRCM), 29 November – 02 Desember 2013 di Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.

Rasidi, Hasan, Konsep Pendidikan Rahmatan Lil ‘Alamin, Analisis Pemikiran KH. Karim Zen tentang Pendidikan Islam, Surabaya : Tesis IAIN Sunan Ampel, 2003.

Samson, Allan A, Conception of Politics, Power and Ideology in Contemporary Indonesian Islam, dalam Karl D. Jackson and Lucian W. Pye (ed), Political Power and Communications in Indonesia, London : University of California Press, 1978.

Tim Perumus Pedoman Sistem Pendidikan Persatuan Islam, Pedoman Sistem Pendidikan Persatuan Islam, Bandung : Bidang Tarbiyah Pimpinan Pusat Persatuan Islam, 1996.

Zakariya, Din Muhammad, Konsep Kurikulum Pendidikan Islam di Pondok Pesantren al-Islam Tenggulun Solokuro Lamongan, Surabaya : Tesis Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya, 2013.

Zarkasyi, Amal Fathullah, Tajdid dan Modernisasi Pemikiran Islam, ISID-Gontor : Jurnal Tsaqofah Volume 9, No 2 November 2013.

Interview

Interview with the leader of regional distric of LDII Ir. Chriswanto Santoso, M.Sc, di DPW LDII Gayungan VII/11 Surabaya. On May 13th 2017.

Interview with the leader of Ponpes al-Islam KH. Din Muhammad Zakariya on May 13th 2017.

Interview with the leader of Ponpes Maskumambang Drs. Fatihuddin Munawwir on May 5th 2017

Interview with KH. Dawam Sholeh, the leader of Pondok Pesantren al-Ishlah Sendang Agung Paciran Lamongan. on May 16th 2017


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28944/reflektika.v12i2.100

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.